James Philip Paul Naylor



Rank Private
Service No G/51814
Date of Death 17/02/1917
Age 37
Regiment/Service Royal Fusiliers 11th Battalion.
Thiepval Memorial. This memorial to the missing of the Somme, bears the names of more than 72,000 officers of the United Kingdon and South African forces who died in the Somme sector before 20th March 1918 and have no known grave. Over 90% of those commemorated died between July and November 1916.

James was born to Alfred (1838-1906) and Lucy Naylor (1838-1916), nee Ellis, in January 1880 in Sudbury, in the London Borough of Brent. He was baptised on 10th March 1880 in St Mary’s Harrow-on-the-Hill.  

His father, a gardener, and mother, a seamstress, had ten other children, all of whom were older than James; Alfred (b. 1861), John (b. 1865), Albert (b. 1867), Allen (b. 1867), Anthony (b. 1869), Lucy (b. 1871), Frank (b. 1873), Esther (b. 1875), Ellen (b. 1876), Sarah (b. 1878). In 1881 the family were living at 4 Keppel Cottages (on the corner of Harrow Road and Elms Lane and now 920-930 Harrow Road), Sudbury. Sarah and James were living in the parental home at Keppel Cottages at the time of the 1891 and 1901 censuses.

In the 1911 census, James was living with his widowed mother and youngest sister, Sarah, at 4 Keppel Cottages. Both he and his sister are ‘single’. His occupation is listed as an engineer, working for a brewery in bottling. By this time, two of James' brothers, Alfred and Allen, had died.

He married Elizabeth M. A. Marsh (b. 1876) in Brentford in the last quarter of 1913 and moved to Squires Lane, Finchley. In the 1911 census, Elizabeth is listed as living at 18 Wedderburn Road, Hampstead, working as a servant for Pelham Browse Ravenscroft, a bank director.

At the time of James’ death, Elizabeth’s recorded address was: 29, Bourtonville, Buckingham. This may be because she had moved back to Buckingham to be with her family, while James was away at war. However, the 1918 and 1919 Electoral registers have Elizabeth living with John and Margaret Williams at 235 Squires Lane, and the 1921 register has her living with no other adults at 155 Squires Lane. There is an Elizabeth M Naylor who is recorded as dying, aged 50, in the second quarter of 1927 in Buckingham, who may be James' widow.